Hummingbirds are found during the winter in a number of areas of the United States and even in southern parts of Canada. Arizona has hosted not only Anna’s Hummingbird during the winter but also Black-chinned and Costas Hummingbirds. Anna’s Hummingbird are year-round residents along the Pacific Coast from Baja California north as far as parts of British Columbia and sometimes other hummer species show up in these areas during winter months.
The Gulf Coast states from Texas to Florida along with other Southeastern states host a number of wintering hummingbirds. From late fall through early winter Rufous Hummingbirds are the most frequently reported hummer species in the Eastern U.S. This is very interesting since this species breeds from the far southeastern coast of Alaska down through western Canada into northwestern states. An interesting article on Smithsonian.com describes how hummingbird banders are at the forefront of documenting the changing migration of these Rufous hummers.
Rufous and other hummers are being reported also in more northern states during late fall and winter in the East, Mid-West and even into southeast parts of Canada. There is even a hummingbird banding and research group that focuses on the Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana areas.
There are current reports (through Nov. 8) of a Calliope Hummingbird near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and of an Allen’s Hummingbird (through Nov. 11) in southwestern Massachusetts.
If you want to keep out one or more hummingbird feeders this winter but are in a location where they may freeze, the pioneering hummingbird bander and researcher Bob Sargent has some excellent information on the Hummer Bird Study Group website. That website also has pages with species accounts for several hummer species that is most interesting including the following: “Rufous hummingbirds are very cold hardy. They are hatched in a cold climate, they spend nights on nesting grounds where the temperatures are near freezing. They migrate down mountain corridors where the temperatures are cold. Finally, these U.S. Rufous are continually being refined by the genes of cold hardy ancestors that have endured severe winters.”
Do you keep one or more hummingbird feeders out into winter?
Have you ever had hummer visits to your feeder in winter?